Top banner
The World Factbook Banner

  Field Listing - Industries

Afghanistan small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Albania food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Algeria petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
American Samoa tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Andorra tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture
Angola petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair
Anguilla tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Antigua and Barbuda tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Argentina food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Armenia diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy
Aruba tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Australia mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel
Austria construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
Azerbaijan petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Bahamas, The tourism, banking, cement, oil transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe
Bahrain petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing, tourism
Bangladesh cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar
Barbados tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Belarus metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
Belgium engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Belize garment production, food processing, tourism, construction
Benin textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Bermuda international business, tourism, light manufacturing
Bhutan cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide
Bolivia mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Bosnia and Herzegovina steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining
Botswana diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
Brazil textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
British Virgin Islands tourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore financial center
Brunei petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Bulgaria electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Burkina Faso cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Burma agricultural processing; knit and woven apparel; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; cement; natural gas
Burundi light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Cambodia tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
Cameroon petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Canada transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Cape Verde food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Cayman Islands tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Central African Republic gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
Chad oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Chile copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
China mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
Christmas Island tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands copra products and tourism
Colombia textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Comoros tourism, perfume distillation
Congo, Democratic Republic of the mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair
Congo, Republic of the petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
Cook Islands fruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
Costa Rica microprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products
Cote d'Ivoire foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair
Croatia chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Cuba sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Cyprus tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
Czech Republic metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
Denmark iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Dhekelia none
Djibouti construction, agricultural processing, salt
Dominica soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Dominican Republic tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
East Timor printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Ecuador petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Egypt textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
El Salvador food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Equatorial Guinea petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
Eritrea food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, salt, cement, commercial ship repair
Estonia engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Ethiopia food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
European Union among the world's largest and most technologically advanced, the European Union industrial base includes: ferrous and non-ferrous metal production and processing, metal products, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, construction equipment, industrial equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools and automated manufacturing systems, electronics and telecommunications equipment, fishing, food and beverage processing, furniture, paper, textiles, tourism
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) fish and wool processing; tourism
Faroe Islands fishing, fish processing, small ship repair and refurbishment, handicrafts
Fiji tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Finland metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
France machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism
French Polynesia tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Gabon petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement
Gambia, The processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Gaza Strip generally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center, but operations ceased prior to Israel's evacuation of Gaza Strip settlements
Georgia steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
Germany among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
Ghana mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Gibraltar tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Greece tourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum
Greenland fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
Grenada food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Guam US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Guatemala sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Guernsey tourism, banking
Guinea bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
Guinea-Bissau agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
Guyana bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Haiti sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
Holy See (Vatican City) printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities
Honduras sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Hong Kong textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Hungary mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Iceland fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism
India textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
Indonesia petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Iran petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabrication, armaments
Iraq petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing
Ireland steel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Isle of Man financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Israel high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear
Italy tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics
Jamaica tourism, bauxite/alumina, agro processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications
Japan among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
Jersey tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Jordan textiles, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
Kazakhstan oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials
Kenya small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism
Kiribati fishing, handicrafts
Korea, North military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism
Korea, South electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
Kuwait petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Kyrgyzstan small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
Laos copper, tin, and gypsum mining; timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, tourism, cement
Latvia buses, vans, street and railroad cars; synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials
Lebanon banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Lesotho food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism
Liberia rubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Libya petroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
Liechtenstein electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
Lithuania metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
Luxembourg banking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Macau tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Macedonia food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
Madagascar meat processing, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
Malawi tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing; Sabah - logging, petroleum production; Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging
Maldives fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Mali food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Malta tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Marshall Islands copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
Mauritania fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Mauritius food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Mayotte newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Mexico food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Micronesia, Federated States of tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Moldova sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
Monaco tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
Mongolia construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing
Montenegro steelmaking, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Montserrat tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Morocco phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism
Mozambique food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco
Namibia meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Nauru phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Nepal tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
Netherlands agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Netherlands Antilles tourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
New Caledonia nickel mining and smelting
New Zealand food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Nicaragua food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood
Niger uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Nigeria crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Niue tourism, handicrafts, food processing
Norfolk Island tourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete
Northern Mariana Islands tourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Norway petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Oman crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Pakistan textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Palau tourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Panama construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Papua New Guinea copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Paraguay sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
Peru mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas; fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Philippines electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Pitcairn Islands postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
Poland machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
Portugal textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Puerto Rico pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Qatar crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Romania textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
Russia complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Rwanda cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Saint Helena construction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales
Saint Kitts and Nevis sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Saint Lucia clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing
Saint Pierre and Miquelon fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Samoa food processing, building materials, auto parts
San Marino tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Sao Tome and Principe light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
Saudi Arabia crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
Senegal agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Serbia sugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment
Seychelles fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
Sierra Leone diamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair
Singapore electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
Slovakia metal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products
Slovenia ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools
Solomon Islands fish (tuna), mining, timber
Somalia a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication
South Africa mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair
Spain textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Sri Lanka processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining
Sudan oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Suriname bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Swaziland mining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Sweden iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Switzerland machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments
Syria petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining
Taiwan electronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals
Tajikistan aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Tanzania agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer
Thailand tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
Togo phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Tokelau small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Tonga tourism, fishing
Trinidad and Tobago petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles
Tunisia petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
Turkey textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Turkmenistan natural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing
Turks and Caicos Islands tourism, offshore financial services
Tuvalu fishing, tourism, copra
Uganda sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Ukraine coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar)
United Arab Emirates petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
United Kingdom machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
United States leading industrial power in the world, highly diversified and technologically advanced; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining
Uruguay food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Uzbekistan textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, gold, petroleum, natural gas, chemicals
Vanuatu food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Venezuela petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly
Vietnam food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
Virgin Islands tourism, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics
Wallis and Futuna copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
West Bank generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale, modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers
Western Sahara phosphate mining, handicrafts
World dominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems
Yemen crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Zambia copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Zimbabwe mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages

This page was last updated on 18 January, 2007

Bottom Banner